The Preamble to the Florida Constitution states:
We, the people of the State of Florida, being grateful to Almighty God for our constitutional liberty, in order to secure its benefits, perfect our government, insure domestic tranquility, maintain public order, and guarantee equal civil and political rights to all, do ordain and establish this constitution.
Article I: "Declaration of Rights" Florida Constitution
The Florida Constitution begins with a Declaration of Rights, which is similar to the U.S. Bill of Rights. The Florida Declaration of Rights, however, is much longer than the federal version, as it has 27 sections. Among other things, Article I of the Florida Constitution guarantees trial by jury, due process, freedom of the press and of religion. It also forbids, among other things, the passage of ex post facto laws and cruel and unusual
Article II: "General Provisions"
Article II sets up the state's boundaries and provides for executive, legislative and judicial branches of government
Article III: "Legislature"
Article III establishes the Florida State Legislature as a bicameral body. The upper house is not to have more than 40 members elected to four year
terms, and the lower house is not to have more than 120 members elected to two year terms.
Article IV: "Executive"
Article IV governs the election of the governor and lieutenant governor, as well as the cabinet. It specifies that the cabinet must consist of an Attorney
General, a Chief Financial Officer and a Commissioner of Agriculture, all of whom must be elected rather than appointed.
Article V: "Judiciary"
Article V establishes the appointment and jurisdiction of the Florida Supreme Court and the Florida District Courts of Appeal, as well as circuit and county courts.
Article VI: "Suffrage and Elections"
Article VI addresses election regulations and requirements of voters.
Article VII: "Finance and Taxation"
Article VII establishes tax rules and regulations.